The men, aged 19 to 35, were arrested in central Madhya Pradesh state’s Burhanpur district after locals complained that they shouted pro-Pakistan slogans and lit firecrackers after the match ended on Sunday night.
“We received a complaint from a local Hindu man who accused them of celebrating after India lost the match,” Burhanpur police chief Raja Ram Parihar told the AFP news agency.
The accused have also been charged with criminal conspiracy, the officer said, adding the celebrations continued for hours in the sensitive locality. The village where the incident took place has a 60 percent Muslim population.
The men were presented before a court on Tuesday and sent to jail pending trial.
In India, sedition is an offence which may result in the surrender of passports, ineligibility for government jobs, and even life imprisonment.
Heartbreak for Indian fans
South Asian neighbours India and Pakistan have a history of hostile relations – and have a famous rivalry on the cricket pitch as well.
Cricket fans in both countries have been arrested in the past for supporting the rival teams or players.
Around 60 students from India were arrested on sedition charges after they were accused of celebrating Pakistan’s victory over India in 2014.
Last year, a Pakistani man was arrested for waving an Indian flag after his idol, Indian batsman Virat Kohli, made a match-winning century.